Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement is a process conducted very nominally to replace a firm aortic valve that cannot open. It has to be replaced because if the aortic valve cannot open, it diminishes the blood flow from the heart to the body. This procedure is required to prevent aortic stenosis which causes risky symptoms like chest pain, breathlessness, etc.
Note : Cardium is the best cardiology center led by a leading Cardiologist in Mumbai, Dr. Rahul Gupta, who has helped many patients get treated with TAVI and TAVR in Mumbai and Pan India. If you are searching for a TAVI Doctor, feel free to connect with us.
The aortic valve is one of the four valves in our heart. The valves open and closes, allowing the flow of blood from one chamber to another and later to the entire body. The person who has a problem with their aortic valve and has a high risk of open-heart surgery are good candidates for TAVI.
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement is recommended to patients who suffer from Aortic Stenosis. Aortic Stenosis is a condition where the opening of the heart's aortic valve is narrowed. This prevents blood flow from the heart to the aorta, then to the other parts of the body since the condition does not allow the heart to open completely. Even though AVS can range from mild to severe, symptoms develop when this condition worsens.
The symptoms include severe chest pain, shortness of breath, rapid increase in heart pulse, and fatigue. If not treated on time, it can even lead to heart failure. Although there are certain medications to treat this condition, proper surgery to replace the aortic valve is the only way through which it can be prevented. Some specialists recommend patients to go through open-heart valve surgery when diagnosed with AVS but in some cases, this surgery can cause further pain in the patient's chest. So, in cases like these, Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement is recommended because it can reduce shortness of breath and the risk of heart failure.
TAVI is a surgical procedure performed in an operation theatre. It involves the implantation of new valves made from animal tissues without removing the old and damaged valves. It a beneficiary option for patients who require valve replacement without undergoing massive open-heart surgery.
This surgery is performed via a very small opening, leaving the rest of the chest bones and muscles unaffected.
There are two approaches for performing the surgery. The doctor chooses the best suitable method depending on the patient’s condition and diagnosis
The doctor will monitor the symptoms of the patient closely. Before discharge, the patient will be given detailed instruction on how to recover properly and faster. It is very important for the patient to follow the instruction and take medicines on time. If the patient continues to feel the signs and symptoms, it is advisable to visit the doctor without any delay.
Though TAVI is a clinically safe and minimally invasive surgery with a faster rate of recovery, it does involve some risk which can after the health of the patient, like:
For TAVI, thus it is very important that one only approaches skilled and experienced doctor. Dr. Rahul Gupta and Team Cardium are well known in India for TAVI in Mumbai / TAVR in Mumbai and have helped countless patients to get back to their routine life without hassle.
SAVR is an invasive procedure in which a dysfunctional valve is replaced by a healthy valve. This treatment is done when patients suffer from aortic stenosis where the aortic valve opens partially or aortic regurgitation where the aortic valve partially closes, resulting in blood leakage into the heart. In this procedure, the patient is senseless so that it does not react to any pain. An incision is made in the chest where the heart is stopped and a bypass machine takes over the heart's job. The thickened valve is removed and replaced with a healthy one.
For those patients who suffer from coronary heart illness, SAVR is not possible since the chances of heart rupture during this procedure are high. So, instead of surgical, Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is done where a catheter is used to replace the dysfunctional valve instead of replacing it surgically. This procedure is highly recommended since patients have to spend less time in hospitals and they might recover faster.
There are several potential benefits of minimally invasive TAVI surgery. The patient starts feeling better after the surgery. In some cases, the effects might start appearing after a bit longer than usual but all together patients report positive results, such as :
|Treats vascular complications and permanent pacemaker implantations||Treats lower risks strokes.|
|It is an open-heart surgery||It is a minimally invasive procedure|
|Patients who undergo SAVR have more risk for blood transfusion, kidney injury and onset of atrial fibrillation.||There are no such complications in TAVR but in some cases vascular complications may occur.|
The heart is one of the most important organs of the body. Its functions are directed by the brain and nervous system which help the body to function normally. It pumps blood to other organs of the body through its valves. The heart has four valves :-
Valve disorders are difficult to detect. Some may show symptoms like chest pain, blood clots that ensure a disorder, others might not show any. Some of the valve disorders include :-
Symptoms of aortic stenosis include chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness and fatigue during strenuous activity, heart palpitations. These are the mild symptoms. If stenosis becomes severe, it leads to heart failure.
In some cases, medications for aortic stenosis are given to reduce blood pressure and heart rate. But if medications do not work, some treatments can be done