Heart failure recovery
Even though heart failure is a serious condition and if not acted on time can worsen with time, there are various treatments and recovery plans that prevent the risk of stroke or if the individual has had a heart attack, it prevents the second episode of it. The purpose of heart failure recovery plans is to help people live longer by improving the symptoms that increase the risk of heart ailments. It also depends on the patient's condition
- If the patient is suffering from frequent chest pain, then the hidden causes should be the first to eradicate. Causes can be consumption of a high-cholesterol diet, high blood pressure, high blood sugar levels, obesity, increasing amount of stress. These causes can be treated by medications like beta-blockers that reduce blood pressure. Lifestyle changes such as exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy diet, taking less amount of stress can also be recommended to relieve symptoms.
- if the patient has gone through myocardial infarction and the patient's valve has stiffened or blood is not reaching the heart, valve replacement techniques like surgical aortic valve replacement or transcatheter aortic valve replacement can be recommended where the dysfunctional valve is replaced by a healthy one either surgically or through a catheter. Angioplasty can also be done where the area between the heart walls where the cholesterol deposits are present are widened through a catheter which clears the passage for blood flow to the heart. There are a lot of heart reconstruction techniques that do not require any medications or invasive procedures. This includes revascularization which reduces heart size and improves its function, the 'Batista' procedure, also known as partial left ventriculostomy in which a section of the lower heart chamber wall is removed and the edges of the heart chamber are repositioned and sewed together. The mitral valve and other valve parts are repaired or replaced.
- In the case of coronary artery disease where the coronary arteries get narrowed or blocked, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or left ventricular assist device (LVAD) procedure is done. In coronary artery bypass grafting, blood vessels from another part of the body, that is, either from the leg or arm are connected to the blood vessels above and below the narrowed or blocked arteries. This procedure improves blood flow to the heart. LVAD or left ventricular assist device is a device placed in the left ventricle of the heart so that it can pump blood from the lower chambers of the heart(from the ventricles) to the other parts of the body. These procedures should be used if the patient is suffering from severe heart failure or if the person is not getting a heart donor.