Diabetes is a metabolic disease which is caused due to the increase of sugar levels in the blood. To control the sugar levels in the blood, our body itself produces a hormone called insulin. This insulin is produced by an organ called the pancreas. The functionality of pancreas is to convert the food we consume into fuel for the cells. This pancreas has two functions, namely exocrine function, it helps in the digestion of the food we consume, endocrine function, it helps for regulating the blood sugar in the body as the endocrine functionality is the main reason for the disease called diabetes. The endocrine part of the pancreas produces the hormones called insulin and glucagon, and these hormones are directly released into the bloodstream. The insulin is used to decrease the sugar levels in the blood. Glucagon hormone is used to raise the sugar levels in the blood. The proper level of blood sugar will play an essential role in the functionality of the main organs like the brain, liver, and kidneys.
Symptoms of diabetes are caused due to the rise of sugar levels in the blood. The general symptoms for diabetes are as follows :
A healthy pancreas releases insulin and helps a person body store and use sugar from the food eaten. Diabetes happens when one or more of the following occurs :
When there is not required volume of insulin, glucose cannot get into the cells. It increases in the bloodstream instead. This can lead to damage in many areas of the body. As the cells are not obtaining the glucose of required volume, they don't work as they should causing diabetes.
The statistics below speak for itself on how strong the correlation between heart diseases and diabetes lies.
Patients with insulin resistance i.e diabetes in combination with one or more of these risk factors are at even greater risk of cardiovascular diseases disease or stroke. However, by managing their risk factors, patients with diabetes may avoid and delay the progress of heart disease. We at Cardium do periodic testing to assess whether you have developed any of these risk factors mentioned below associated with cardiovascular disease.
Diabetes is so tightly linked to heart disease. We, Cardiologists, see 10 times more patients with diabetes as compared to endocrinologists. Between 20% and 30% of unselected patients in cardiology, clinic practice have diabetes. That is three times the population prevalence and shows you the concentration of diabetes in a cardiovascular patient population
The high blood glucose generated in diabetic patients causes the following effects :
The longer diabetes stays untreated, the greater the chances of cardiovascular diseases as it weakens the heart and forces it to pump harder than usual.
Our in-house Cardium Pathology laboratory is fully automated and equipped to test all kinds of diabetes related tests
The treatment for preventing the risks of diabetes are as follows.
To maintain the blood sugar in control, we need to follow a regulated diet. That diet includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein such as chicken and fish, healthy fats like olive oil and nuts.